Shibori is the base for Tsujigahana, a tie-dyeing technique which uses drawings and foil impressions and which appeared in literature at the end of the XVth century and disappeared some 100 years later, only to be replaced by a more successful technique called “Yuzen”.
Tsujigahana’s original technique is still a mystery, which Itchiku Kubota tried to discover relentlessy until he opted to reinvent it. As homage to the original Tsujigahana and its legacy, he named it “Itchiku Tsujigahana”.
Tsujigahana is a complex process comprising several steps: first comes the preliminary drawing where the pattern will be stitched on the white fabric, then comes the tying and thirdly, the dyeing of the fabric. The dyeing step has to be perfectly mastered to achieve the desired result – the dyeing will react differently according to the fabric and the colours used. To get a multi-coloured fabric, each tone will have to be applied separately from the others. The result will be a superimposition of one-colour layers with or without overlap.
The next steps, unthreading (revealing the design), steaming and fixing the colours and textile are followed by the ultimate one, when the designer draws patterns on the white-out areas of the fabric in ink.